The New York City Council voted on Wednesday to institute a two-year moratorium on violations related to store signs and awnings after a mysterious spike in 311 complaints that led to costly penalties for small businesses.
The bill, which Mayor Bill de Blasio is expected to sign, would also create an interagency task force to study the issue, waive or return fines for some past violations, and require the city to provide education and training to help small businesses ensure their signs comply with the law.
“Businesses will not have to feel the burden of these unjust fines while we work on comprehensive reform,” said Councilman Rafael L. Espinal Jr., the Brooklyn Democrat who sponsored the bill.
Two years ago, businesses in his district, which includes Cypress Hills and East New York, were hit with a wave of sign violations, whose fines start at ,000. More recently, businesses in Sunset Park, Bensonhurst and other Brooklyn neighborhoods were targeted for inspection.
City records show that many of the inspections were spurred by anonymous 311 calls reporting that shops lacked the special permits required for signs or awnings larger than six square feet. There have been about 2,000 such calls citywide over the last year, more than double the usual number.
The 311 system forwards such complaints to the Department of Buildings, which is required by law to send inspectors to look into the claims.
Laws requiring permits for store signs have been on the books for decades and are intended to ensure public safety. But many small-business owners interviewed by The New York Times were unfamiliar with the rules, or how to navigate the city’s bureaucracy to figure them out.
The violations — sometimes for signs that had been up for decades — left many small-business owners outraged, and owing thousands of dollars in fines and fees to replace the signs. As word of a crackdown spread, many other store owners took down signs pre-emptively, lending a ghost town feeling to busy commercial corridors.
Store owners and elected officials suspected an orchestrated campaign was behind the calls, which often targeted many businesses on a commercial strip on a single day. Fingers quickly pointed to local sign-hanging businesses, which had the most to gain.
Councilman Espinal endorsed those theories at a news conference on Wednesday, but his office later clarified that he did not know for certain who was behind the calls.
The task force that would be created by the law would investigate the issue. The bill also requires the Department of Buildings to draft a report on the violations for the City Council.
“The safety of New Yorkers is important, but so is balancing the needs of small businesses,” Marcy Miranda, a spokeswoman for Mr. de Blasio, said. “We are reviewing this bill and look forward to working with the City Council on this issue.”
The bill’s co-sponsors, who included Carlos Menchaca and Justin L. Brannan, both Democrats of Brooklyn, applauded its passage.
“Frankly, unless a business is making people sick, endangering the public or treating people unfairly, I don’t see why the city should be fining them at all,” Councilman Brannan said in a statement.
“This bill will help small businesses with signs they thought were perfectly legal but have suddenly been targeted with exorbitant fines.”
Councilman Menchaca is also arguing for a permanent change in how the city adjudicates violations related to signs and awnings. In a statement, he said businesses should get a citation or warning, not a civil penalty, if a violation is found.
“We need to address the root cause, and change the regulations from the bottom up so this doesn’t happen again,” he said.B:
济民救世心水论坛网【云】【烨】【无】【法】，【只】【得】【接】【过】【刺】【棱】【放】【在】【地】【上】，【再】【回】【过】【头】【来】【时】，【只】【见】【黑】【色】【的】【泥】【淖】【上】【苏】【玫】【的】【眼】【睛】【都】【看】【不】【见】【了】，【只】【留】【下】【黑】【色】【的】【长】**【在】【泥】【面】【上】。 【云】【烨】【大】【惊】，【扑】【过】【去】，【抓】【住】【苏】【玫】【的】【长】【发】【将】【她】【从】【黑】【泥】【里】【拖】【了】【出】【来】。 【苏】【玫】【满】【脸】【是】【泥】，【头】【顶】【刺】【痛】！ 【云】【烨】【把】【她】【上】【半】【身】【拖】【出】【泥】【潭】，【苏】【玫】【立】【即】【把】【一】【只】【手】【伸】【给】【云】【烨】，【然】【后】【低】【低】【地】【说】【了】【一】【句】：“
【藏】【羚】【羊】？！ 【不】【对】！ 【仔】【细】【的】【想】【来】，【这】【是】【绝】【对】【不】【可】【能】【的】【事】【情】，【因】【为】【对】【于】【羚】【羊】【而】【言】，【他】【们】【从】【来】【也】【没】【有】【有】【过】【直】【立】！ 【所】【以】【说】，【在】【这】【件】【事】【情】【上】，【苏】【正】【非】【的】【推】【论】【是】【不】【正】【确】【的】【事】【情】。 【人】【类】【之】【所】【以】【可】【以】【站】【立】【起】【来】，【经】【历】【过】【四】【千】【五】【百】【多】【年】【的】【进】【化】【历】【程】，【而】【现】【在】【的】【这】【件】【事】【情】，【只】【可】【以】【证】【明】【了】【一】【件】【事】【情】。 【那】【就】【是】【娱】【乐】【娱】【乐】【尚】【且】
【蛟】【龙】【怒】【道】：“【人】【类】【小】【子】，【莫】【要】【欺】【我】【太】【甚】！” 【林】【星】：“……” 【他】【没】【想】【到】，【这】【蛟】【龙】【居】【然】【还】【能】【说】【话】。 【这】【样】【一】【来】，【这】【场】【战】【斗】【恐】【怕】【就】【要】【从】【肉】【搏】【战】，【降】【级】【到】【口】【水】【战】【了】。 【因】【为】，【在】【林】【星】【看】【来】，【既】【然】【能】【用】【嘴】【巴】【解】【决】【的】，【为】【什】【么】【要】【动】【手】，【那】【岂】【不】【是】【浪】【费】【力】【气】？ 【但】【蛟】【龙】【显】【然】【不】【这】【么】【认】【为】，【即】【使】【被】【压】【在】【了】【地】【上】，【它】【依】【然】【翻】【腾】
【进】【化】【之】【路】，【异】【常】【的】【艰】【辛】。 【在】【这】【众】【生】【争】【渡】【的】【时】【代】，【进】【化】【程】【度】【越】【高】，【能】【活】【的】【时】【间】【也】【就】【越】【长】。 【生】【灵】【进】【化】【第】【一】【境】，【为】【灵】【动】【境】，【也】【就】【是】【刚】【刚】【改】【变】【生】【灵】【自】【身】【体】【质】【的】【阶】【段】，【在】【天】【地】【大】【变】【之】【后】，【所】【有】【生】【灵】【都】【进】【化】【到】【了】【这】【一】【个】【层】【次】。 【如】【果】【说】【在】【进】【化】【之】【前】，【一】【个】【正】【常】【人】【的】【生】【命】【只】【能】【活】【到】【七】【十】【岁】【的】【话】，【那】【么】【进】【化】【到】【第】【一】【境】【之】【后】，【便】【可】济民救世心水论坛网【大】【家】【好】，【我】【是】【王】【五】。 【随】【着】【所】【有】8【个】【联】【队】【的】【机】【器】【人】【士】【兵】【完】【成】【展】【开】，【哥】【们】【儿】【所】【地】【面】【战】【的】【处】【女】【秀】【终】【于】【就】【拉】【开】【了】【帷】【幕】。【秉】【承】【着】【首】【战】【即】【决】【战】【的】【原】【则】，【在】【第】【一】【次】【的】【轨】【道】【空】【降】【中】【哥】【们】【儿】【我】【就】【投】【入】【了】【可】【以】【使】【用】【的】【最】【大】【的】【运】【力】【来】【运】【输】【参】【战】【的】【地】【面】【部】【队】。 【这】【么】【搞】【的】【好】【处】【就】【是】【咱】【可】【以】【集】【中】【最】【大】【的】【兵】【力】，【坏】【处】【就】【是】【在】【未】【来】5【个】【小】【时】【的】【时】【间】【里】
【白】【芙】【蓉】【的】【生】【日】【月】【过】【的】【很】【热】【闹】，【公】【司】【安】【排】【了】【生】【日】【会】。【电】【影】【有】《AI，AI》【上】【映】，【电】【视】【剧】【有】《【渡】【荒】【城】》【开】【播】，【整】【个】【九】【月】【都】【是】【白】【芙】【蓉】【的】【身】【影】。 【和】【大】【牌】【服】【装】【合】【作】，【时】【尚】【活】【动】【也】【变】【得】【很】【多】。 【九】【月】【杂】【志】【封】【面】【就】【有】【三】【个】。 【这】【等】【战】【绩】，【一】【时】【间】【风】【头】【无】【两】。【而】【白】【芙】【蓉】【也】【累】【的】【趴】【下】，【到】【生】【日】【会】【的】【前】【一】【天】【深】【夜】，【仍】【然】【在】【彩】【排】。
“【由】【于】【季】【小】【姐】【早】【产】，【又】【加】【上】【送】【来】【医】【院】【不】【及】【时】，【胎】【儿】【在】【宫】【内】【受】【窘】，【生】【出】【来】【时】【呼】【吸】【已】【经】【十】【分】【微】【弱】……【以】【我】【的】【能】【力】【的】【确】【是】【无】【能】【为】【力】，【不】【过】【你】【们】【若】【是】【能】【求】【得】【顾】【三】【少】【帮】【忙】，【也】【许】【你】【们】【的】【孩】【子】【还】【有】【机】【会】。”【医】【生】【说】【道】。 “【哪】【个】【顾】【三】【少】？”【舒】【玉】【声】【音】【有】【些】【许】【不】【自】【然】。 “【季】【夫】【人】，【你】【真】【能】【说】【笑】，【在】【这】【溪】【海】【市】【还】【有】【谁】【能】【够】【被】【称】【为】‘【顾】
【夜】【晚】，【马】【志】【远】【在】【路】【边】【找】【了】【块】【地】【就】【躺】【了】【下】【来】。 【身】【上】【裹】【着】【那】【个】【单】【身】【汉】【送】【的】【兽】【皮】【毯】【子】。 【毯】【子】【上】【的】【毛】【都】【已】【经】【一】【块】【一】【块】【的】【了】，【脏】【的】【无】【法】【描】【述】。 【但】【是】【这】【对】【于】【现】【在】【的】【马】【志】【远】【来】【说】【已】【经】【无】【所】【谓】【了】。 【没】【一】【会】【他】【就】【睡】【着】【了】。 【可】【能】【是】【因】【为】【体】【力】【上】【的】【消】【耗】，【他】【睡】【得】【别】【提】【多】【死】【了】，【就】【是】【打】【雷】【天】【气】【下】【他】【都】【能】【呼】【呼】【大】【睡】。 【这】【有】【一】